It is safe to say that Ayurveda has become more and more popular in the natural hair community. Ayurveda is generally defined as a traditional hindu system of natural medicines native to india based on the idea of creating balance between the body and the systems. Ayurveda literally means “Science of Life” (Ayur = science, Veda = life).
According to the Ayurveda, there are 3 mind body type Doshas namely Kapha dosha, Pitta Dosha and Vata Dosha. We are all made up of the combination of these 3 Doshas with one being more dominant than the other.
From an Ayurvedic perspective, hair is rich in the stories it can tell about a person and their skin. When thinking about hair, it’s important to differentiate prakriti (a person’s harmonious state with a unique dosha balance for each person) from vikriti (the state of imbalance). While prakriti is important, it is typically vikriti that bothers people the most. If you have beautiful locks of curly hair and it’s the hair that you’ve always had, then that’s your prakriti. If you normally have beautiful locks of curly hair that are now becoming thinner or having split ends, that is vikriti showing you where an imbalance in the doshas has started to emerge. The health and imbalances of your hair can even offer some clues about the health of your skin and your over-all state of being. Let’s break down these elements in terms of our hair especially for kinky and curly girls.
Kapha Hair Type
Characteristics: Thick, Firm, High Sebum Production
Elements associated with the Kapha Dosha are earth and water responsible for the structure and lubrication of the hair. The Kapha hair is characterised by low porosity hair, thick and dense hair. This hair type produces a lot of quality sebum packed with nutrients for the hair. Kapha hair type are therefore blessed with so much luster, firm and body and depending texture kapha hair type is difficult to stretch.
Pitta Hair Type
Characteristics: Hair Thinning, Hair Loss, Loss of Color
Pitta is a firery dosha and according to ayurveda. The pitta dosha is responsible for the metabolic activity in hair. This includes the production of the hair proteins and pigment. When healthy, pitta type hair tends to be medium in thickness. A pitta imbalance is mostly associated with greying, hair loss, issues relatedness to scalp inflammation and clogged pores redness. Pitta hair type does not have problems with sebum production. If there is an imbalance, the scalp will produce too much sebum which would then lead to clogged pores, bacteria build up and scalp inflammation. In the natural hair perspective, the pitta hair type would be hair characterised by premature greying, stress related hair loss, clogged follicles and low quality sebum production.
Vata Hair Type
Characteristics: Dry, Frizzy, Thin, Split-ends, Unruly, Hair Loss
The elements associated with the vata dosha are air and space. The Vata dosha is usually associtaed with dryness and nutrient deficiency. According to ayurveda, vata hair type is thin, dry, frizzy and produces low amount of sebum. The low sebum production means hair is not properly coated. Hair cuticle is therefore lifted, rough and have a harder time holding onto moisture. Vata hair type tends to be higher porosity, fine, sparse, dry and easier to stretch without heat.
From this explanation, it is easier to tell what your dominant dosha is or your dosha combination as it is possible to fall into 2 dosha categories especially when you are natural.